Botanical Information Matricaria chamomilla L. (under development)

Synonyms Camomilla deflexa Gilib.
Chamaemelum chamomilla (L.) E.H.L.Krause
Chamaemelum suaveolens E.H.L.Krause
Chamaemelum vulgare Bubani
Chamomilla courrantiana (DC.) C.Koch
Chamomilla recutita (L.)
Chamomilla recutita var. bayeri (Kanitz) Dostál
Chamomilla vulgaris Gray
Chrysanthemum chamomilla (L.) Bernh.
Chrysanthemum suaveolens (Cav.) Elench.
Chrysanthemum suaveolens Cav. Elench.
Matricaria bayeri Kanitz Magyar
Matricaria capitellata Batt. & Pit.
Matricaria chamomilla f. courrantiana (DC.)
Matricaria chamomilla f. kochiana (Sch.Bip.)
Matricaria chamomilla f. suaveolens
Matricaria chamomilla var. coronata Boiss.
Matricaria chamomilla var. courrantiana (DC.) G.Nicholson
Matricaria chamomilla var. pusilla (Willd.)
Matricaria chamomilla var. recutita (L.)
Matricaria courrantiana DC.
Matricaria exigua Tuntas
Matricaria kochiana Sch.Bip. T
Matricaria pusilla Willd.
Matricaria recutita L. Sp.
Matricaria recutita f. kochiana (Sch.Bip.)
Matricaria recutita var. coronata (Boiss.)
Matricaria recutita var. kochiana (Sch.Bip.)
Matricaria salina Schur
Common name (en) Chamomile
Common name (de) Echte Kamille
Common name (es) Manzanilla de Castilla
Common name (fr) Camomille sauvage
Common name (id) Chamomile
Common name (ja) カモミール
Common name (ko) 저먼캐모마일
Common name (nl) Echte kamille
Common name (pt) Camomila-vulgar
Common name (ru) Ромашка аптечная
Common name (vi) Cúc La Mã
Common name (zh) 德國洋甘菊

Sample preparation Dissolve 20 µL of the oil in 2.0 mL of toluene
Mobile phase Toluene, ethyl acetate 95:5 (v/v)
Derivatization Derivatize with anisaldehyde sulfuric acid reagent, then heat the plate at 100°C for 3 min
HPTLC Chromatograms (evaluated method)
Sample preparation Use 30 g of whole herbal drug, a 1000 mL flask, 500 mL of water as distillation liquid and 0.50 mL of 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene in the graduated tube. Distil at a rate of 3-4 mL/min for 4 h. Towards the end of this period, stop the flow of water to the condenser assembly but continue distilling until the blue, steam-volatile components have reached the lower end of the condenser. Immediately re-start the flow of water to the condenser assembly to avoid warming the separation space. Stop the distillation after a further 10 min. Dilute 50 µL of essential oil in 1 mL of xylene
Mobile phase Toluene, ethyl acetate 95:5 (v/v)
Derivatization Spray with anisaldehyde solution and heat at 100-105°C for 5-10 min
System Suitability Test (SST) According to the monograph
HPTLC Chromatograms (evaluated method)